(Highlight from, Positive Psychology.org.uk) Snyder, Irving & Anderson (1991, as cited in Snyder, 2000, p.8)
Define hope as:
“a positive motivational state that is based on an interactively derived sense of successful (a) agency (goal-directed energy) and (b) pathways (planning to meet goals)” .
Hope theory can be subdivided into four categories:
- Goals that are valuable and uncertain are described by Snyder (1994, as cited in Snyder, 2000, p.9) as the anchors of hope theory as they provide direction and an endpoint for hopeful thinking.
- Pathway thoughts refer to the routes we take to achieve our desired goals and the individual’s perceived ability to produce these routes (Snyder, 2000).
- Agency thoughts refer to the motivation we have to undertake the routes towards our goals.
- Barriers block the attainment of our goals and in the event of a barrier we can either give up or we can use our pathway thoughts to create new routes.